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3-16 The Food Pyramid

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The Food Pyramid consists of six food groups.  The food groups are Grain, Vegetables, Fruits, Oils, Milk, and Meats.  The food groups are as follows:

Grain Group

Any food made from wheat, rice, oats, cornmeal, barley or another cereal grain is a grain product.  Oatmeal, cereals, tortillas, grits, bread, and pasta are considered grain products.  There are two types of grain products; whole grain and refined grains.  Whole grains contain the entire grain kernel - the bran, germ, and endosperm.  Some examples of whole grain are:

Whole wheat flour Cracked wheat Oatmeal Whole corn meal
Brown rice      

Refined grains have been milled.  This process removes the bran and germ.  The milling process gives the grain a finer texture and improves the shelf life of the product made from refined grain.  The refining process also removes the dietary fiber, iron, and vitamin B.  Examples of refined grain products are:

White flour Cornmeal White bread White rice

Most refined grains are enriched, meaning thiamin, riboflavin, folic acid, and iron are added back into the product.

Vegetable Group

Any vegetable or vegetable juice is considered a member of the vegetable group.  Vegetables are organized into five subgroups.  These subgroups are:

Dark Green Vegetables
Broccoli
Spinach
Romaine Lettuce
Dark Green Leafy Lettuce
and more....

 

Orange Vegetables
Carrots
Pumpkins
Acorn Squash
Sweet Potatoes
and more...

Dried Beans and Peas
Black Beans
Lima Beans
Navy Beans
Black-Eyed Peas
Soybeans
Kidney Beans
and more...

Starchy Vegetables
Corn
Green Peas
Potatoes
and more...

Other Vegetables
Artichokes
Asparagus
Bean sprouts
Beets
Brussels sprouts
Cabbage
Cauliflower
Celery
Cucumbers
Eggplant
Green beans
Green or red peppers
Iceberg (head) lettuce
Mushrooms
Onions
Parsnips
Tomatoes
Turnips
Wax beans
Zucchini

Fruit Group

Any fruit or fruit juice is considered part of the fruit group.  Some common fruits are:

Apples
Apricots
Avocado
Bananas
Strawberries
Blueberries
Raspberries
Cherries
Grapefruit
Grapes
Kiwi fruit
Lemons
Limes
Mangoes
Cantaloupe
Honeydew
Watermelon
Nectarines
Oranges
Peaches
Pears
Papaya
Pineapple
Plums
Prunes
Raisins
Tangerines
 

Oil Group

Oils are fats that are a liquid at room temperature.  Oils come from plants and animals.  Some common oils are:

Canola oil
Corn oil
Cottonseed oil
Olive oil
Safflower oil
Soybean oil
Sunflower oil
 

Some oils are high in saturated fats and should be considered solid fats.  Some solid fats are:

Butter
Beef fat (tallow, suet)
Chicken fat
Pork fat (lard)
Stick margarine
 
Shortening
 

Milk Group

Most products and foods made from milk are considered part of the milk group.  A food made from milk that retains the calcium content is part of the milk group.  Since butter, cream cheese, and cream contain little or no calcium, they are not a part of the milk group.  Members of the milk group are:

Milk Cheese Yogurt Ice Cream

Meat Group

Foods from meat, poultry, fish, dried beans and peas, eggs, nuts, and other seeds are in the meat group.  Dried beans and peas are also considered a part of the vegetable group.  Some examples of the meat group are:

Beef
Ham
Lamb
Pork
Veal
Bison
Rabbit
Venison
Liver
Giblets
Chicken
Duck
Goose
Turkey
Chicken eggs
Duck eggs
Black beans
Black-eyed peas
Kidney beans
Lentils
Lima beans (mature)
Navy beans
Pinto beans
Soy beans
Split peas
Garden burgers
Veggie burgers
Almonds
Cashews
 
Hazelnuts (filberts)
Peanuts
Peanut butter
Pecans
Pistachios
Pumpkin seeds
Sesame seeds
Sunflower seeds
Walnuts

 

1. The Food Pyramid has food groups.

2. There are two types of grain products; grain and refined grains.

3. Oatmeal is considered a

Whole grain.

Refined grain.

4. Black beans are considered a part of the

Milk Group

Grain Group

Vegetable Group

None of the above.

5. Pumpkin seeds are considered a part of the

Grain Group

Vegetable Groups

Oil Group

Meat Group

6. Oils come from plants and .

7. Since butter comes from milk, it is part of the Milk Group.

True

False

8. Which of the following is part of the Meat Group?

Walnuts

Peanut Butter

Ham

All of the above.

9. Papaya is a part of the

Meat Group

Fruit Group

Vegetable Group

None of the above.

10. Black-eyed peas are considered part of the

Milk Group and Meat Group

Vegetable Group and Fruit Group

Meat Group and Vegetable Group

None of the above.

11. Whole grains contain the entire grain kernel - the , germ, and endosperm.

12. Foods from poultry, fish, dried beans and peas, eggs, nuts, and other seeds are in the meat group.

True

False

13. Oils high in saturated fats are butter, margarine, and shortening.

True

False

14. The refining of grain removes the bran and germ.

True

False

15. Many beans and peas are considered a part of the Fruit Group and the Vegetable Group.

True

False

 

 

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The Food Pyramid