Mexican Independence Day Lesson & Worksheet - My Schoolhouse - Online Learning
Mexican Independence Day is celebrated on September 16th. In the
year 1810, Father Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla started a revolt against the
Spanish by declaring war late into the night of September 15th.
Father Hidaglo is famous for shouting the words, "Viva Mexico" and "Viva
On the morning of September 16th, the rebels marched
to Guanajuato to engage in a battle with the Spanish Army. The
revolt was at first a success, however, the rebel army later failed to
defeat the the Spanish Army in Mexico City. As the Spanish Army
chased the rebels, they were captured attempting to flee to The United
States. This uprising marked the beginning of the fight for
independence by the people of Mexico.
With his capture by the Spanish Army, Father Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla was
tried for treason, found guilty, and executed on July 30, 1811.
After his death, the leadership of the revolutionary army was assumed by Jose
Maria Morelos. Morelos fought the Spanish four more years including the
Siege of Cuautla. In 1815, Jose Maria Morelos was captured and executed
for treason on December 22nd.
From 1815 to 1821, the fighting was done by small guerilla bands. Two
leaders of these guerilla bands included Guadalupe Victoria (whose real name was
Manuel Félix Fernández) from Puebla and Vicente Guerrero from Oaxaca.
After ten years of civil war and the death of two of the rebel leaders, the
independence movement had almost failed. It was the Liberal Spanish
Constitution of 1812 signed by King Ferdinand of Spain that slowly brought the
people of Mexico together to form a new empire. On September 27, 1821, the
Spanish government signed the Treaty of Cordoba and the Mexican Empire was
The Mexican Independence Day celebration begins at 11:00 p.m. on September
15th with the ringing of the bells in every city in Mexico and continues into
the day of September 16th. Mexican Independence Day is similar to the
Fourth of July in the United States.
1. The first leader of the rebel army was
Jose Maria Morelos.
All of the above.
2. Father Hidalgo is famous for shouting
Viva la France.
None of the above.
3. The Mexican Independence Day begins at
p.m. on September 15th.
4. Father Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla and Jose Maria Morelos were both
5. The Liberal Spanish Constitution of 1812 signed by King Ferdinand of
started the revolution.
slowly brought the people
of Mexico together.
ended the war.
All of the above.
6. For nearly six years, the revolution was fought by small
7. Manuel Félix Fernández was from the city of
8. Mexican Independence Day is similar to the Fourth of July in the
9. Guerilla bands are animals that live in the rain forests.
10. The Treaty of Cordoba was signed on September 27,
and the Mexican Empire was formed.
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