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Food Pyramid

Food Pyramid Lesson & Worksheet - My Schoolhouse - Online Learning
 
The Food Pyramid consists of six food groups.  The food groups are Grain, Vegetables, Fruits, Oils, Milk, and Meats.  The food groups are as follows:

Grain Group

Any food made from wheat, rice, oats, cornmeal, barley or another cereal grain is a grain product.  Oatmeal, cereals, tortillas, grits, bread, and pasta are considered grain products.  There are two types of grain products; whole grain and refined grains.  Whole grains contain the entire grain kernel - the bran, germ, and endosperm.

Refined grains have been milled.  This process removes the bran and germ.  The milling process gives the grain a finer texture and improves the shelf life of the product made from refined grain.  The refining process also removes the dietary fiber, iron, and vitamin B.  Most refined grains are enriched, meaning thiamin, riboflavin, folic acid, and iron are added back into the product.

Vegetable Group

Any vegetable or vegetable juice is considered a member of the vegetable group.  Vegetables are organized into five subgroups; Dark Green Vegetables, Orange Vegetables, Dried Beans and Peas, Starchy Vegetables, and Other Vegetables.

Fruit Group

Any fruit or fruit juice is considered part of the fruit group.  Some fruits include apples, oranges, strawberries, watermelon, pears, bananas, lemons, limes, and prunes.

Oil Group

Oils are fats that are a liquid at room temperature.  Oils come from plants and animals.  Some oils include canola oil, corn oil, olive oil, butter, and shortening.

Milk Group

Most products and foods made from milk are considered part of the milk group.  A food made from milk that retains the calcium content is part of the milk group.  Since butter, cream cheese, and cream contain little or no calcium, they are not a part of the milk group.  The Milk Group includes milk, cheese, yogurt, and ice cream.

Meat Group

Foods from meat, poultry, fish, dried beans and peas, eggs, nuts, and other seeds are in the meat group.  Dried beans and peas are also considered a part of the vegetable group.

 

1. The Food Pyramid has food groups.

2. There are two types of grain products; grain and refined grains.

3. Dried beans are considered a part of the

Milk Group

Grain Group

Vegetable Group

None of the above.

4. Seeds are considered a part of the

Grain Group

Vegetable Group

Oil Group

Meat Group

5. Oils come from plants and .

6. Since butter comes from milk, it is part of the Milk Group.

True

False

7. Whole grains contain the entire grain kernel - the , germ, and endosperm.

8. Foods from poultry, fish, dried beans and peas, eggs, nuts, and other seeds are in the meat group.

True

False

9. The refining of grain removes the bran and germ.

True

False

10. Many beans and peas are considered a part of the Fruit Group and the Vegetable Group.

True

False

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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